Here is an intro to some of the basics of Leema. The format will show some code, then explain the concepts used in that code. See what you think!
This is a function that takes a string and returns it as a palindrome.
func palindrome(fwd: Str): Str -> let rev := str::reverse(fwd) "$fwd$rev" --
Now, let’s break this down.
All function declarations start with the
palindrome_me is the name of this function. It takes one parameter, named
fwd that is of type
Str for string and also returns a Str.
-> indicates the start of a block of code which is ended by the
--. What happens in between is the body of the function. Think of the
-- like an oldschool <hr/> tag in HTML.
Like many languages, Leema has a special main function to start your program. Whitespace is not significant in Leema so a function can also be written like this:
func main() -> print("this is main") --
Once a function is defined, you can call it. The
palindrome above calls the
reverse function from the
str module and passes fwd as the one parameter.
Values are assigned labels using
let statements. In this case, the result of
str::reverse() is the value we want to assign and
rev is the label we want to give it. Let statements can use pattern matching too, but we’ll show more of that later.
Variables can be turned into strings and mashed together with other strings using string interpolation. Within the string, just prefix the variable name with a
$ and Leema will know to put the value of that variable in that part of the string.
In this case, fwd and rev are already strings, and they are mashed together into a single new string as the function result. Note that the last statement is returned as the function result, we don’t need to use an explicit
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